Major soluble proteome changes in Deinococcus deserti over the earliest stages following gamma-ray irradiation
1 Laboratoire de Biochimie des Systèmes Perturbés, CEA Marcoule, DSV, iBEB, SBTN, LBSP, BAGNOLS-SUR-CEZE, F-30207, France
2 CEA, DSV, IBEB, Lab Ecol Microb Rhizosphere & Environ Extrem (LEMiRE), Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, F-13108, France
3 CNRS, UMR 6191, Biol Veget & Microbiol Environ, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, F-13108, France
4 Aix-Marseille Université, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, F-13108, France
5 INRA, UR1213 Herbivores, Saint Genès Champanelle, F-63122, France
Proteome Science 2013, 11:3 doi:10.1186/1477-5956-11-3Published: 15 January 2013
Deinococcus deserti VCD115 has been isolated from Sahara surface sand. This radiotolerant bacterium represents an experimental model of choice to understand adaptation to harsh conditions encountered in hot arid deserts. We analysed the soluble proteome dynamics in this environmentally relevant model after exposure to 3 kGy gamma radiation, a non-lethal dose that generates massive DNA damages. For this, cells were harvested at different time lapses after irradiation and their soluble proteome contents have been analysed by 2-DE and mass spectrometry.
In the first stage of the time course we observed accumulation of DNA damage response protein DdrB (that shows the highest fold change ~11), SSB, and two different RecA proteins (RecAP and RecAC). Induction of DNA repair protein PprA, DNA damage response protein DdrD and the two gyrase subunits (GyrA and GyrB) was also detected. A response regulator of the SarP family, a type II site-specific deoxyribonuclease and a putative N-acetyltransferase are three new proteins found to be induced. In a more delayed stage, we observed accumulation of several proteins related to central metabolism and protein turn-over, as well as helicase UvrD and novel forms of both gyrase subunits differing in terms of isoelectric point and molecular weight.
Post-translational modifications of GyrA (N-terminal methionine removal and acetylation) have been evidenced and their significance discussed. We found that the Deide_02842 restriction enzyme, which is specifically found in D. deserti, is a new potential member of the radiation/desiccation response regulon, highlighting the specificities of D. deserti compared to the D. radiodurans model.